LVT Construction

Top coating – A polyurethane or aluminium oxide coating provides protection against scratches and stains and gives enhances anti-slip.

Wear layer – This is a key layer – determining the performance and resilience of the product. A 0.3mm wear layer is good for heavy wear areas. Commercial installations need 0.5mm wear layers or above with 0.7mm at the top end. The wear warranties and guarantees cared by-products will be based on this thickness.

Decor layer – This is the decor itself – in essence, it is a paper- or film-based photographic inkjet print.

(A few LVT floors have the image printed directly to the surface of the floor, but this implies less image definition and different wear characteristics.)

PVC and fibreglass layers

– The construction ‘sandwich’ can vary between products but a combination of PVC (polyvinyl chloride) layers for strength and flexibility and fibreglass layers for structural stability may be used. Any click-system profile will be incorporated into these layers. Products often use a combination of recycled vinyl which is cheaper and virgin PVC which lasts longer and is more stable.

Rigid core LVT has a solid, less flexible PVC layer with maximum stability which means it can be laid over existing, less even flooring without showing imperfections and therefore avoiding wear problems.

Base (or backing) layer – The final high-density PVC layer varies according to the installation requirement and is designed for taking adhesive or as an ‘underlay for loose-lay and click installations.

Examples of LVT

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